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Chains of Eleuthera and Saving Communities
The Department of Justice statistics show that there are more than 5 million adults on probation/ parole and living in our neighborhoods. Roughly, we are talking about one in forty-five adults that are supervised by corrections for committing a felony (or misdemeanor) offense. After paying the debt to society by serving 1-2 years in a correctional facility we find that Hispanic, African-American and White young adult male offenders (less than 25 years) will return home… Chains of Eleuthera .
Revitalizing Older Literature About Work:
Preliminary Lessons for Reducing ERFs Using Joint Ventures or Private Industries Enhancements (PIEs). Perhaps it’s best to begin by stating explicitly that work is not a panacea for the problems facing criminal justice in America, but it is helpful to prisoners that have no work experience, low self esteem and poor reentry back to our communities. Although the book (www.publishamerica.com) is based on scientific evidence and information from 1990s, there’s compelling evidence useful today to re-shape the dialogue about “what works” so that inmates become producers in the community. It attempts to highlight prison work programs and answer the questions that interest people; e.g., “what works” behind bars to reduce inmate employability risk factors or ERFs. Knowledge about public-private partnerships and information about the first-generation PIEs, enable us to ask and begin to assess whether there are answers that will prove interesting and valuable to the practitioner and scholar community.
Saving Neighborhoods: Innovations in Prisoner Recidivism
Satisfied with mediocrity, policy makers and professionals in corrections continue to just warehouse some 2 million prisoners at costs too high for citizens to pay. Incarceration rates are highest for minorities compared to whites, which remains a problem (see D. Roberts, “The Social and Moral Cost of Mass Incarceration of African American Communities,” Standford Law Review, 2004). Marc Mauer, The Sentencing Project, a think tank in Washington, DC, presents a compelling case for disproportionate confinement of African Americans and Latinos. When is the criminal’s debt paid to society? Once incarcerated, it is inevitable that the prisoner will return to society. How they return—as predator or contributor-is the concern, and to some degree responsibility of the human race.
Francom and Garth (2008), in A Summary Analysis of Research: The Effects of Elearning on Exoffender Recidivism and Reentry, will present their research findings at the International Association on Science and Technology Education (IASTED), Thailand, and discuss their model eLearning and crime reduction. The following is an excerpt from the research:
Research on American prisoners indicates a link between education and crime and reentry success (Silverburg, et. al, 2008; Steurer, 2003; Tolbert and Klien, 2007). About 40 percent of federal prisoners and 50 percent of death row inmates lack the high school diploma (NAALs, 2003; Simon, 1997). A meta-analytic study of recidivism conducted by Visher (2005), reveals a link between age and “likelihood of re-arrest” (or recidivism) for those that lack the diploma or GED and job skills. Still, the hypothesized interaction of eLearning education and recidivism are not statistically significant based on current research from the literature review. Even meta-analytic studies (which there are two on the topic) are not definitive because of issues of sampling error across studies. In a Meta-analysis of Ex-offender Employment Progress and Recidivism (2005), the authors conducted an examination of studies, on adult prisoners and ex-prisoners that reported a relationship between education and recidivism. There were eight meaningful studies…including the US Department of Labor (1975-’77) study of 3105 ex-prisoners age 26 years and older; 31% of ex-prisoners with the education and treatment intervention were re-arrested; yet had an 8% lower re-arrest rate than control group (without education).